Laser cutting workshop

This week I participated in a laser cutting workshop with Steve. I was quite excited for this workshop because laser cutting is has been something that I wanted to try for quite a while now.

To begin the workshop Steve asked us to simply right a word out on illustrator (I chose my name, Emily) and then simply turn it into a outline. Steve then showed us how to work the laser cutting machine and cut out our words in a range of different materials.


Hypography 6 word poster

On Friday the 6th of November we were introduced to the world of hybrid fonts by David. A hybrid font is basically when each letter is cut up and merged with a different font to create a odd looking font.
In the morning David did a workshop with us where we selected various words and had to create a typeface in a way that represents each word, however the twist was that the typeface had to be a hybrid typeface.

In the afternoon David briefed us on our hybrid typography project. For this project we had to chose a Shakespeare story and write a 6 letter sentence that sums up the story. So I chose Romeo and Juliet and I created the sentence ‘Love is desire, Death is choice’. Then with the sentence we had to create an A3, black and white, typographic poster.
I was very happy with my final outcome, however I feel that I could’ve related the hybrid type to the letters a bit more, for example I feel that the love and the death has a very similar hybrid however I could’ve made the death hybrid more jagged to represent the word better.

6 word story Romeo and Juliet final piece.jpg


A transitional typeface has a greater contrast between thick and thin and has a vertical stress line in the bowl of a lower case letter

A humanist font has a sloping cross bar on the lowercase “e”, a relatively small x-height, and slightly inclined serifs. They were modelled on the more open forms of the Italian Humanist writers.

Script fonts tend to minic handwriting styles, they are based upon the fluid and varid stroke of handwriting. They can be categorised into formal script which is highly regular and informal script which is looser and more casual.

A roman typeface is typically a serif font, it is modelled upon a European scribal manuscript style of the 1400’s based on pairing Roman square capital, which miniscules developed in Rome

Italics are style of typeface based upon a renaissance script with the letters slanting slightly to the right

Majuscule comes from the Latin term ‘majuscule’ or ‘rather large’ it is most commonly referred to as the Upper case letter

The term miniscules stems from the Latin word ‘miniscules’ which means rather small. It is most often referred to as the lower case letter.

Geometric typefaces are influenced by geometric shapes, they also have strict monolines.

Condensed fonts are narrower versions of the standard typefaces, they are often used to save spaces.

Ligature is when two or more letters are joined together to form one glyph or character. They can be used for presentation or to represent sounds or words

Old face
Old style are characterised by greater contrast between thick and thin stokes. They tend to be more refined. They have more of a wedge shaped serif, a horizontal cross bar and more upright stress line.

Slab serif
Squared chunky serifs – a type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs. Eg. ‘Rockwell’
A style of boldface Roman type – a slab-serif typeface that was created by Robert Besley for Thorowgood and Co. of London. Clarendon is considered the first registered typeface.

Triangular serif
A triangular serif is a tail at the ends of the letterform that is shaped in a triangular shape

Bifurcated serif
When the serifs are split into two parts

Trifurcated serif
When the serifs are split into three parts

These are letterforms that have noticeable tails, flourishes, or other elements that come from earlier written forms of the letter where that feature was more dramatic or crucial. To a modern eye, they look like an extra hand on a human might look vestigial.

A typeface that has no tails coming off it.

Fat face
A fat face type is a very bold heavy type, that has almost hairline serifs. The main strokes tend to be at least half as wide as the height of the ltter.

This is when the designer creates a shape for the capital letter to fit snugly into. So the space was specifically shaped for that letter and the letter was shaped purposely for that space.

Superior letters
This is a lower-case letter placed above the baseline and made smaller than ordinary script.

Versals Lombardic
When enlarged decorated letters are placed at the begining of each verse of a poem they are called “versals.” From the 13th to the 16th century Initial Caps and Versals were typically drawn in a hand called “Lombardic” for the region of Italy where they were first popularized.



After the book making workshop with Sarah Edmonds, we were then asked to design and make our own storybooks as a summary of the story project. Olwen and Jay asked us to choose a already existing story and base our own book on it. The book that I chose was the Ugly Duckling because it was one of my favorite books as a child.

I started out by summarizing the story in my sketch book which helped me work out how many pages I needed my book to have and the layout of the pages. I started my book originally in portrait, but then I thought that the illustrations would work better in landscape, so I changed the orientation of it.
I started of the designing of the inside of my book by design the key characters, such as the ugly duckling, I wanted to go for quite simplistic illustrations as I find that illustration isn’t my strongest point. I firstly created a mock up book to come up with ideas and test the layout and then i began on the creating of my book.

When creating the book, one of the tests that I came across was coming up with the text to put in the book, I wanted to follow the story line but it still be my own.
Lastly I binded and covered my book using the technique that Sarah had showed us in the workshops at the beginning of the story book process. When I first started the story book I had planned on using the letterpress in my book, however I wasn’t able to have to that opportunity.

When it came to presenting our books, I felt as if I had quite understood the brief properly. I realised that what was wanted was a more dynamic book with a bit of a twist on it rather than a traditional book. So I plan on re-doing my book to meet the brief better.


Cardiff in typographic letterforms

This week signified the beginning of a new project, the type project which would last over a period of 3 weeks. It started on the morning of Tuesday the 3rd of November we did a type hunt around Cardiff City center. David separated us into small groups and gave each group 3 types of type faces to find examples of, our group had to look for Humanist, minuscule and trifurcated typefaces.

A humanist typeface has a slightly sloped cross bar, slightly slanted stress, small in x-height, and finally doesn’t have a massive contrast between thick and thin strokes. We found that it was reasonably easily to find humanist typefaces, however it was more difficult to distinguish between a humanist typeface and a transitional typeface. This is because a transitional typeface doesn’t look to different from humanist, it just has perfectly vertical stresses, and a straight cross bar.

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A minuscule typeface is when all the letters are in lowercase. This was the easiest type of typeface to find.

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A trifurcated typeface is when each letter has three serifs on it. This was the most difficult typeface to find and we mostly found examples of bifurcated letter forms.

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In the afternoon we were back in the Graphics studio, David then surprised us by telling us that he had arranged a pop up exhibition in the reception of the Art and design block. The title of the exhibition was ‘Captured Letterforms’. To make the exhibition we had to choose part of a word or a single letter from our pictures from the type hunt earlier on in the day, then we had to blow the letters up to A3 or A2 and cut them out, we then all went downstairs to reception and worked out how to display all of the captured letter forms. I thought the result of the exhibition was really effective.

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Book making workshop

On Wednesday 21st October we had a workshop on book making with Sarah Edmonds.
We started off the day with Sarah firstly showing us her collection of various books in order to give us some inspiration. Then Sarah demonstrated to us how to make 2 different styles of booklets.

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2015-11-08 18.22.24The first book we made involved us folding an A3 piece of paper into 8 sections then cutting down a line between the middle two sections. The result of this method is an A6 book, that folds out like a normal book.

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The 2015-11-08 18.23.40second book we made was more of a zigzag book. We had to fold the A3 paper into 16 sections and then cut into it, as shown in the picture. This results again into an A6 a book which opens in a concertina style.

We then started to 2015-10-21 12.41.35create our own book ideas, Sarah showed us a few more techniques such as how to create
pockets into the books. For my book I chose to start making a book for children that could be used as a tool to help them learn how to
Each page had a word category on it such as animals or food, and two pockets.2015-10-21 12.41.31In each pocket was cut out letters which the child could arrange to form a word. I drew the picture of each word on the front of the pocket. I was quite happy with the base idea of this book, 2015-10-21 12.12.42however if I was to do it again I feel as if each category should have more than two words to spell, and there should be more than 4 categories in a book.


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In the afternoon, Sarah firstly taught us how to bind a book. I started this by nesting a few sheets of paper together. We then cut into the sheets of paper to make different shapes in order to make the paper look more exciting and interesting. After this, we made 3 wholes along the fold line of the stack of paper, then we took a piece of string that was 3 2015-10-21 14.52.11times the length of the book and proceeded to start binding the pieces of paper together. We had to go through the center hole, up to the top hole, down to the bottom hole, and then finish by going back through the center hole and tying the piece of string together.
Finally, Sarah taught us how to make a cover to our books. This involved cutting out two pieces of foam board out that was approximately 1 inch bigger than the actual pieces of paper. We then had to cover the foam board in fabric and stick the front and last page of the book onto the foam board.

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Image project

For the image project I was given the word ‘lost’ to concentrate my theme on.
For begin this project I started off by thinking of what lost means. I came up with the idea of being physically lost for example in a location, or being emotionally lost in the sense that you are sure what to do or where to go next with something. For this project I decided to center in around both of these two main themes.

I firstly went out into the local area to take photos of varying different sign posts, one problem I occurred here was that because all road directions etc have an English translation as well as a welsh translation, a lot of the sign posts where very big and quite unattractive. However I managed to find a few that I liked.
I then took these photos onto Photoshop and edited them all onto an individual sign post, so the overall effect was a sign post with lost of different directions on it. I feel like this signifies the not knowing of what direction to go in next. I then put the signpost into illustrator to create the border around the edge, this was to create a crisp line.
Finally I created the background, this was made up of another piece of imagery from the signposts of a tree/foliage environment. I feel like this represented the theme well because forests and areas of dense woodland are particularly easy to get lost in. I chose quite a muted colour scheme because I felt as if the topic I was aiming for isn’t a particularly positive topic and there for muted colours could represent this feeling of being down about being lost.

Final piece