Typefaces

Transitional
A transitional typeface has a greater contrast between thick and thin and has a vertical stress line in the bowl of a lower case letter

Humanist
A humanist font has a sloping cross bar on the lowercase “e”, a relatively small x-height, and slightly inclined serifs. They were modelled on the more open forms of the Italian Humanist writers.

Script
Script fonts tend to minic handwriting styles, they are based upon the fluid and varid stroke of handwriting. They can be categorised into formal script which is highly regular and informal script which is looser and more casual.

Roman
A roman typeface is typically a serif font, it is modelled upon a European scribal manuscript style of the 1400’s based on pairing Roman square capital, which miniscules developed in Rome

Italic
Italics are style of typeface based upon a renaissance script with the letters slanting slightly to the right

Majuscule
Majuscule comes from the Latin term ‘majuscule’ or ‘rather large’ it is most commonly referred to as the Upper case letter

Miniscule
The term miniscules stems from the Latin word ‘miniscules’ which means rather small. It is most often referred to as the lower case letter.

Geometric
Geometric typefaces are influenced by geometric shapes, they also have strict monolines.

Condensed
Condensed fonts are narrower versions of the standard typefaces, they are often used to save spaces.

Ligature
Ligature is when two or more letters are joined together to form one glyph or character. They can be used for presentation or to represent sounds or words

Old face
Old style are characterised by greater contrast between thick and thin stokes. They tend to be more refined. They have more of a wedge shaped serif, a horizontal cross bar and more upright stress line.

Slab serif
Squared chunky serifs – a type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs. Eg. ‘Rockwell’
Clarendon
A style of boldface Roman type – a slab-serif typeface that was created by Robert Besley for Thorowgood and Co. of London. Clarendon is considered the first registered typeface.

Triangular serif
A triangular serif is a tail at the ends of the letterform that is shaped in a triangular shape

Bifurcated serif
When the serifs are split into two parts

Trifurcated serif
When the serifs are split into three parts

Vestigial
These are letterforms that have noticeable tails, flourishes, or other elements that come from earlier written forms of the letter where that feature was more dramatic or crucial. To a modern eye, they look like an extra hand on a human might look vestigial.

Gothic:
A typeface that has no tails coming off it.

Fat face
A fat face type is a very bold heavy type, that has almost hairline serifs. The main strokes tend to be at least half as wide as the height of the ltter.

Nesting
This is when the designer creates a shape for the capital letter to fit snugly into. So the space was specifically shaped for that letter and the letter was shaped purposely for that space.

Superior letters
This is a lower-case letter placed above the baseline and made smaller than ordinary script.

Versals Lombardic
When enlarged decorated letters are placed at the begining of each verse of a poem they are called “versals.” From the 13th to the 16th century Initial Caps and Versals were typically drawn in a hand called “Lombardic” for the region of Italy where they were first popularized.

 

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